Vernacular - English


n


na1gram part subordinate relationship. The particle na relates a noun to an adjective or a phrase to a head word in a grammatically subordinate relationshipIsad na ido an naligsan san trak.A dog was-what was-run-over by-the truck.Nakita ninda na an disipolos nagakaraon.They saw that the followers were-eating.Sadto na nagligad na Disyimbre...During-the past December...When this particle connects an adjective to a head word it does not translate into English. When it connects a phrase to a headword it is often translated into English as a relative pronoun. Following vowel-final words some speakers occasionally abbreviate it to -n. Some speakers use na interchangeably with nga which has the same meaning.cfka2dependent relationsynnga2 1subordinate relationVariant-n
na2lex part already, nowAdi na sinda.They are-here already.
na-vb affixbegun state of being. The prefix na- replaces the prefix ma- to indicate that the action has begunFor more information, see the Grammatical Sketch, sec. 5.39.na-(hímò)vwas-madeAn kahon nahimo na mapawa-pawa na bituon.The box was-made a shining star.cfma
nààálov Variantalo be embarrassed
nabidadnabidádSpn Christmas nativity. Refers to the celebration of the birth of ChristMakita kita san palabas san nabidad.Let's see the show of-the celebration-of-Christ's-birth.synpaskwa1 ChristmasVariantnatibidadChristmas nativity
nag-vb affixsubjective action begun. This is the counterpart of the mag1 affix to show change of aspect on a subjective action verbFor more information see the Grammatical Sketch, sec. 5.31.nag-(túron)vbegun-(rise-up)Si Angelito la an nakakita nga nagturon sa kalangitan an kahon.Only Angelito was-able-to-see that the box rose-upward to heaven.nag-(sibót)vbegun-(hurry)An bata nagsibot sa pagpreparar san iya regalo.The child hurried preparing his gift.cfmag
nagaokuparnagaokupárn occupantcfokupar
nagaopisinanagaopisínan office workercfopisina office
nagapamahalanagapamahálàn manager, overseer, master of ceremoniescfbahala one responsible for
nailonaíloadj orphanedcfilo1 toilet paper
naka-vb affixstative action begun. The affix naka- replaces the maka- stative action not-begun affix to indicate action begunNakaisip siya pagkadto sa suba.He was-able-to-think-of going-there to-the river.For more information see the Grammatical Sketch, sec. 5.38.cfmaka-stative action not begun
nakamayonakamayôadj similarAn hitsura san bitik baga'n nakamayo sa dyutay na alimango.The shape of-the tick is as-though similar to-a small crab.kamayôappears similar, has a form likeAn bitik kamayo sani.The tick appears-similar to-this.
nakivb prefix action begun being done together
naki-vb prefixaction begun being done together. The prefix naki- is the counterpart of the maki- affix to show that the action has begun and will be done togetherNakikaon si Juan sa balay ninda.John ate-together-with-them in their house.For more information see the Grammatical Sketch, sec. 5.34.cfmakiaction not begun will be done together
nakiritanakirítan audience, onlookerscfkita2
nakonnákonCebpers prn 1my, mine. 1st person singular genitive pronoun that substitutes for the ni class personal noun phrase and indicates the possessor of an itemAn bwinas nakon na adlaw Huwibis.My lucky day is Thursday.The pronoun nakon is used occasionally by some speakers instead of the pronoun ko used by most speakers.2by me, I. This pronoun also substitutes for the ni class personal noun phrase which functions as a non-Topic agent attributive to a verbDidi sani na eskwelahan tinapos nakon an akon kurso na komersyo.Here in-this school I finished my commercial course.synko 2my
nalapuhannalapuhánadj scaldedNalapuhan an iya tiil san mainit na tubi.Her foot was-scalded by-the hot water.cfpaso burn
nalisanalisáadj dislocatedcflisa
namannamánadv 1in turn, nextAko an nakabaton san libro kag hinatag ko naman kan Perla.I was-the-one-who received the book and I in-turn gave-it to Perla.2againPagkaagi sin isad ka adlaw mabubuhay naman ako.After one day I will-live again.
namasnamásSpv [c8] MAG- act; -ON pat; -AN goal; I- accmagnamásv increase, add to, augment, enhanceNagnamas an iya dunong.His knowledge increased.pagnamásn increase, rise, upsurgeSubra an pagnamas san prisyo.The increase of-the price is excessive.
namingnannamingnánadj dumbfounded, fascinated, enthralled, astoundedsynnamungnandumbfounded
namitnámitadj MA-manámitadj delicious, tasty, appetizing, scrumptious, lusciousManamit an iyo sura.Your main-dish is delicious.manamit-námitadj very deliciousManamit-namit an imo putahi.Your recipe is very-delicious.magnámitv [c3] MAG- exp; -AN . become delicious, make deliciousNaganamit an imo mga putahi.Your recipes are-becoming-delicious.magpanámitv enjoy, take pleasure in, likeMagpanamit ka san buhay mo!You enjoy your life!namítanv be tasty, be appetizingSiguro nanamitan si Boy san ginluto ko na ginat-an?Was the coconut-candy which I cooked perhaps tasty-to Boy?
namoknamókn mosquitoPagmuskitiro agod dili ka kagaton san namok.Use-a-mosquito-net so-that you will not be-bitten by-a mosquito.manamókadj lots of mosquitosManamok kagab-i.There-were-lots-of-moquitoes last-night.namukónv [c14] -ON pat. be mosquito swarmed, be swarmed by mosquitosGinnamok ako san kahulat sa imo.I was-swarmed-by-mosquitos while waiting for you.
namonnámonpers prn 1we, excl. Genitive first person pl exclusive pronoun which substitutes for a ni class personal noun phrase attributive to a verbKatrihon namon ini na lawanit.We-excl will-build-a-bed from this lawanit-plywood. 2our, excl. Attributive to a noun the pronoun namon marks the possessor of the nounAn kabayo namon napatay.Our-excl horse died.
namsannámsanv [c2] MA-manámsanv do to excess, lavish, overdoNanamsan ka sa dikorasyon.You have-overdone the decoration.synsubra plentiful